Question 1) At the operating breakeven point, ________ equals zero. a. variable operating costs b. sales revenue c. earnings before interest and taxes d. fixed operating costs 2) Breakeven analysis is used by the firm a. to determine the level of operations necessary to cover all operating costs. b. to evaluate the profitability associated with various levels of sales. c. Both A and B. d. none of the above 3) If a firm’s variable costs per unit increase, the firm’s operating breakeven point will a. decrease. b. remain unchanged. c. change in an undetermined direction. d. increase. 4) Noncash charges such as depreciation and amortization ________ the firm’s breakeven point. a. decrease b. understate c. overstate d. do not affect 5) ________ leverage is concerned with the relationship between sales revenues and earnings before interest and taxes. a. Total b. Financial c. Variable d. Operating 6) The three basic types of leverage are a. operating, production, and total. b. operating, financial, and total. c. production, financial, and total. d. operating, production, and financial. 7) ________ is the potential use of fixed costs, both operating and financial, to magnify the effect of changes in sales on the firm’s earnings per share. a. Total leverage b. Debt service c. Operating leverage d. Financial leverage 8) With the existence of fixed operating costs, an increase in sales will result in ________ increase in EBIT. a. a less than proportional b. a proportional c. an equal d. a more than proportional 9) All of the following affect business risk EXCEPT a. cost stability. b. interest rate stability. c. revenue stability. d. operating leverage. 10) A corporation has $5,000,000 of 10 percent bonds and $3,000,000 of 12 percent preferred stock outstanding. The firm’s financial breakeven (assuming a 40 percent tax rate) is a. $860,000. b. $716,000. c. $1,400,000. d. $1,100,000. 11) Operating and financial constraints placed on a corporation by loan provision are a. agency costs to the lender. b. interest rate costs to the firm. c. necessary to control the risk of the firm. d. agency costs to the firm. 12) In order to enhance the wealth of stockholders and to send positive signals to the market, corporations generally raise funds using the following order: a. Equity, retained earnings, debt. b. Debt, retained earnings, equity. c. Retained earnings, equity, debt. d. Retained earnings, debt, equity 13) According to the traditional approach to capital structure, the value of the firm will be maximized when a. the financial leverage is maximized. b. the weighted average cost of capital is minimized. c. the cost of debt is minimized. d. the dividend payout is maximized. 14) In the EBIT-EPS approach to capital structure, risk is represented by a. shifts in the times-interest-earned ratio. b. shifts in the cost of debt capital. c. the slope of the capital structure line. d. shifts in the cost of equity capital. 15) Nico Trading Company must choose its optimal capital structure. Currently, the firm has a 20 percent debt ratio and the firm expects to generate a dividend next year of $5.44 per share. Dividends are expected to remain at this level indefinitely. Stock holders currently require a 12.1 percent return on their investment. Nico is considering changing its capital structure if it would benefit shareholders. The firm estimates that if it increases the debt ratio to 30 percent, it will increase its expected dividend to $5.82 per share. Again, dividends are expected to remain at this new level indefinitely. However, because of the added risk, the required return demanded by stock holders will increase to 12.6 percent. Based on this information, should Nico make the change? a. Yes b. No c. It’s irrelevant d. Not enough information 16) At the quarterly meeting of Tangshan Mining Corporation, held on September 10th, the dire

California Coast University BAM513 Unit 4/ BAM513 Unit 4 Exam


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